Hippospongia communis (Lamarck, 1814), the common or "honey comb" sponge, is the species most often caught in the Mediterranean. It may grow very large (several dozen centimetres in diameter). Its network of channels is the most "cavernous", giving it a remarkable power of absorption.
Spongia officinalis Linnaeus (1759), the "fine" sponge, is a frequently caught Mediterranean species, varying greatly in shape and size and with a very fine skeleton, worthy of note (Link to uses). Specialists recognise several Mediterranean varieties – adriatica and mollissima, respectively the 'fine' of the Adriatic (and the Western Mediterranean) and the Syrian 'fine' (from the Eastern Mediterranean). Actually, this is a priori a case of a single species.
Spongia lamella (Schulze, 1879), the Mediterranean elephant ear sponge, for a long time known as Spongia agaricina, which is in fact a species from the Indian Ocean. This sponge has a highly characteristic shape, preventing confusion when it reaches adult size. Its skeleton is extremely fine.
Spongia zimocca (Schmidt, 1862), the "trismouche", is a species that is only found in the Eastern Mediterranean, growing in highly unusual shapes, with an extremely fine skeleton.

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